The situation of women in society and family is gradually correct, but positive changes are coming. This change appears in statistics ranging from education to health. In the recently released report of the National Family Health Survey, there is some good news about the situation of women and some concerns. The survey details the reproduction, child and infant mortality rates, implementation of family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, quality of health services etc.
Increasing partnershipAccording to the latest report of the National Family Health Survey, the participation of women in education has increased. Girls' access to educational institutions is increasingly reaching. In the survey conducted a decade ago, the participation of women in education was 55.1 percent, which has now increased to 68.4. That is, this region has registered an increase of more than 13%.
The decline in the rate of child marriage is also being considered important in terms of women's health and education. Despite the declaration of legally punished crime and spreading social awareness continuously, the trend of child marriage remains intact now.
Well, it's a matter of satisfaction that this is declining. The marriage in the age of 18 has decreased from 47.4 percent in 2005-06 to 28.8 in 2015-16. The direct benefit of this deficiency is also in the statistics of women's health.
According to the survey data, women's participation in the banking system has increased. A decade ago only 15 percent of women had their own bank account. According to the latest figures, now 53 percent of the women have joined the banks.
Education and awareness have also affected domestic violence. Now such cases have come down earlier. According to the report, the percentage of women facing the violence in marriage has declined from 37.2 to 28.8 percent. It also showed that during the pregnancy only 3.3 percent had to face the violence.
Respect in home
This survey also revealed that 84 percent married women are participating in domestic decisions at the age of 15 to 49 years. Earlier this figure was 76 percent in 2005-06. According to the latest data, approximately 38 percent of women are alone or jointly with someone or a home or landowner.
There has been progressing in the country towards the empowerment of women but there are many such areas where more efforts are needed. The country has not been able to make much progress on the sex ratio. In the last five years, at the time of birth, the sex ratio has improved marginally from 914 girls to 919 per thousand boys. In urban India, this figure is 899 only. In Haryana, sex ratio is 836 whereas neighboring Punjab is 860. In Madhya Pradesh, the sex ratio has dropped from 960 to 927.
More effort needed
Health services have expanded in urban areas, so there has been a decline in cases of maternal deaths. However, the situation of the villages has not changed much yet. According to UNICEF, deaths during childbirth in India have already decreased, but it is still very high. About 45 thousand women die every year in the country during childbirth.
The sex ratio is 1013 in Dadra Nagar Haveli.
Doctors insist on enhancing awareness of women's health. Dr. Rama, a gynecologist, says that in a little more detail of health facilities and awareness campaigns, reduction in deaths during childbirth can be reduced. Dr. Isha Verma says that most women suffer from blood shortages. If women are more concerned about the health of their families, then if they start meditating on themselves then the health of the family will be good. She says, 'Finally, the woman is the center of the family.'